Tr??c before dùng thì gì: 6 thì mà b?n c?n bi?t

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?ã bao gi? b?n c?m th?y không t? tin khi nói ti?ng Anh và lo l?ng v? phát âm c?a mình? Elsa Speak có th? giúp b?n v??t qua ?i?u này! S? d?ng Trí tu? nhân t?o cá nhân hóa, ph?n m?m này s? giúp b?n c?i thi?n phát âm và kh? n?ng giao ti?p ti?ng Anh c?a b?n ?áng k?. ??ng b? l? c? h?i g?p g? nh?ng ng??i m?i và t? tin khi trò chuy?n b?ng ti?ng Anh!

N?i dung:

    N?u b?n ?ang th?c m?c tr??c before dùng thì gì thì cùng mình tìm hi?u qua bài vi?t sau nhé!

    Tr??c before dùng thì gì?

    Tr??c before dùng thì gì là m?t câu h?i mà nhi?u ng??i h?c ti?ng Anh th??ng g?p ph?i.

    Trong ti?ng Anh, tr?ng t? before có ngh?a là tr??c, tr??c khi, tr??c ?ó.

    Before có th? dùng v?i các thì quá kh?, hi?n t?i và t??ng lai ?? di?n t? m?t hành ??ng hay s? ki?n x?y ra tr??c m?t hành ??ng hay s? ki?n khác.

    C?u trúc before ? thì quá kh?

    Khi dùng before ? thì quá kh?, chúng ta có hai c?u trúc chính:

    S + V (quá kh? ??n) + before + S + V (quá kh? ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng x?y ra tr??c m?t hành ??ng khác trong quá kh?.

    Ví d?:

    I had breakfast before I went to school.

    (Tôi ?ã ?n sáng tr??c khi ?i h?c.)

    She called me before she left.

    (Cô ?y ?ã g?i cho tôi tr??c khi cô ?y r?i ?i.)

    He finished his homework before he watched TV.

    (Anh ?y ?ã hoàn thành bài t?p v? nhà tr??c khi xem TV.)

    S + had + V (quá kh? hoàn thành) + before + S + V (quá kh? ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng ?ã hoàn thành tr??c m?t th?i ?i?m xác ??nh trong quá kh?.

    Tr??c before dùng thì gì
    Tr??c before dùng thì gì?

    Ví d?:

    She had already learned English before she moved to America.

    (Cô ?y ?ã h?c ti?ng Anh tr??c khi cô ?y chuy?n sang M?.)

    He had written three books before he died.

    (Anh ?y ?ã vi?t ba quy?n sách tr??c khi anh ?y qua ??i.)

    They had visited Ha Long Bay before they came to Hanoi.

    (H? ?ã th?m V?nh H? Long tr??c khi ??n Hà N?i.)

    C?u trúc before ? thì hi?n t?i

    Khi dùng before ? thì hi?n t?i, chúng ta có hai c?u trúc chính:

    S + V (hi?n t?i ??n) + before + S + V (hi?n t?i ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng x?y ra tr??c m?t hành ??ng khác trong hi?n t?i.

    Ví d?:

    I always brush my teeth before I go to bed.

    (Tôi luôn ?ánh r?ng tr??c khi ?i ng?.)

    She checks her email before she starts working.

    (Cô ?y ki?m tra email tr??c khi b?t ??u làm vi?c.)

    He reads the newspaper before he has breakfast.

    (Anh ?y ??c báo tr??c khi ?n sáng.)

    S + V (hi?n t?i hoàn thành) + before + S + V (hi?n t?i ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng ?ã hoàn thành tr??c m?t th?i ?i?m xác ??nh trong hi?n t?i.

    Ví d?:

    She has already finished her report before she meets her boss.

    (Cô ?y ?ã hoàn thành báo cáo c?a mình tr??c khi g?p s?p.)

    He has written two articles before he submits them to the editor.

    (Anh ?y ?ã vi?t hai bài báo tr??c khi g?i cho biên t?p viên.)

    They have visited the museum before they go to the cinema.

    (H? ?ã th?m b?o tàng tr??c khi ?i xem phim.)

    C?u trúc before ? thì t??ng lai

    Khi dùng before ? thì t??ng lai, chúng ta có hai c?u trúc chính:

    S + will + V (t??ng lai ??n) + before + S + V (hi?n t?i ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng s? x?y ra tr??c m?t hành ??ng khác trong t??ng lai.

    Ví d?:

    I will call you before I leave.

    (Tôi s? g?i cho b?n tr??c khi tôi ?i.)

    She will finish her project before she goes on vacation.

    (Cô ?y s? hoàn thành d? án c?a mình tr??c khi ?i ngh?.)

    He will buy a new car before he gets married.

    (Anh ?y s? mua m?t chi?c xe m?i tr??c khi anh ?y k?t hôn.)

    S + will have + V3 + before + S + V (hi?n t?i ??n): Di?n t? m?t hành ??ng s? hoàn thành tr??c m?t th?i ?i?m xác ??nh trong t??ng lai.

    Ví d?:

    She will have learned French before she travels to Paris.

    (Cô ?y s? h?c ti?ng Pháp tr??c khi cô ?y ?i du l?ch Paris.)

    He will have written five books before he turns 40.

    (Anh ?y s? vi?t n?m quy?n sách tr??c khi anh ?y b??c sang tu?i 40.)

    They will have visited all the provinces of Vietnam before they retire.

    (H? s? th?m h?t các t?nh c?a Vi?t Nam tr??c khi h? ngh? h?u.)

    Bài t?p tr??c before dùng thì gì

    Bài t?p 1:

    Chia ??ng t? trong ngo?c s? d?ng c?u trúc tr??c before dùng thì gì.

    1. She (go) to the supermarket before she (cook) dinner.
    2. He (not finish) his homework before he (play) games.
    3. They (visit) Ha Long Bay before they (return) to Hanoi.
    4. I (read) the book before I (watch) the movie.
    5. He (have) breakfast before he (leave) for work.
    6. She (not see) him before he (die).
    7. We (clean) the house before we (invite) our guests.
    8. He (study) hard before he (take) the exam.
    9. She (write) a letter before she (go) to bed.
    10. They (not know) each other before they (meet) at the party.

    ?áp án bài t?p 1:

    1. She went to the supermarket before she cooked dinner.
    2. He didn’t finish his homework before he played games.
    3. They visited Ha Long Bay before they returned to Hanoi.
    4. I read the book before I watched the movie.
    5. He had breakfast before he left for work.
    6. She didn’t see him before he died.
    7. We cleaned the house before we invited our guests.
    8. He studied hard before he took the exam.
    9. She wrote a letter before she went to bed.
    10. They didn’t know each other before they met at the party.

    Bài t?p 2:

    ?i?n before ho?c after vào ch? tr?ng.

    1. He went to the gym ______ he ate lunch.
    2. She will take a nap ______ she studies for the test.
    3. I had already seen the movie ______ you told me the ending.
    4. He will have left ______ you get there.
    5. She had a shower ______ she went out.
    6. He will finish his report ______ the deadline.
    7. I will see you ______ the concert.
    8. He had learned French ______ he moved to France.
    9. She will go shopping ______ she cleans the house.
    10. He had a drink ______ he ate his meal.

    Xem thêm: Sau after là gì: 4 thì + 1 d?ng ??ng t? mà b?n c?n bi?t

    ??p án bài t?p 2:

    1. He went to the gym after he ate lunch.
    2. She will take a nap before she studies for the test.
    3. I had already seen the movie before you told me the ending.
    4. He will have left before you get there.
    5. She had a shower before she went out.
    6. He will finish his report before the deadline.
    7. I will see you after the concert.
    8. He had learned French before he moved to France.
    9. She will go shopping after she cleans the house.
    10. He had a drink after he ate his meal.

    T?ng k?t tr??c before dùng thì gì

    Nh? v?y là mình v?a ?i qua tr??c before dùng thì gì và m?t s? câu bài t?p ?? b?n luy?n t?p.

    Chúc b?n h?c t?t nhé!

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